There are so many interesting facts and information related to gametes. Before moving onto the in-depth understanding let’s understand the basic meaning of gamete. The organism’s reproductive cells are referred to as gametes.
Female gametes are referred to as egg cells and mail as sperm cells. The fertilization of the sperm and OVA leads to the formation of an embryo. These cells are also known as sex cells.
The male reproductive organ produces sperms(male gametes). On the other hand, the female reproductive organ is responsible for the production of eggs(female gamete).
One notable point is that both male and female gametes are haploid which means each one of them contains a single chromosome. The diploid zygote is the end result when male and female gametes unite.
Sperm cells are referred to as spermatozoa. The sperm is differentiated into a head and tail and the head contains a nucleus. The flagellum is present at the end of the tail which helps in the movement of the sperm.
The female gametes are also known as ova. These gamets are much larger as compared to the sperm cells which is the main reason why they are immobile. The production of OVA takes place in the ovaries.
Similarities Between Male And Female Gamete
- They are the reproductive cells present in the bodies of higher organisms.
- A similar process termed as meiosis takes place for the production of gametes.
- Both the reproductive cells are haploid. This means that both of them contain a single chromosome.
- Both of the gametes unite in the fertilization process in order to produce a diploid zygote.
Differences Between Male And Female Gametes
- Spermatogenesis is the process of formation of male gametes and oogenesis is the process of female gamete production.
- Testes are the location of the production of male gametes whereas ovaries are responsible for female gametes production.
- Female gametes are much larger in comparison to the male gametes.
- Female gametes contain a larger cytoplasm for the proper nourishment of embryo. On the flip side, male gametes have a low weight due to the presence of smaller cytoplasm.
- The male reproductive cells contain acrosomes whereas female cells lack them. Acrosomes helps in the degradation of the layers surrounding the female gamete.
- The shape of male reproductive cells is corn like whereas female reproductive cells are spherical.
- Male gametes are mobile and can easily move whereas female gametes are immobile.
- There is no presence of flagella in the case of female gametes for swimming. On the flip side, flagella or tail is present in male gametes.
- A huge amount of sperm production provides assurance of fertilization. On the other hand, ovaries release a single egg every month.
- A lot of Mitochondria in sperms provide them with energy for moving. On the other hand, female gametes contain fewer mitochondria and therefore cannot move.
These were some of the main similarities and differences between male and female reproductive cells. Moreover, semen is rich in vitamin C, fructose, magnesium, etc. Once the sperm enters the vagina it can live up to 5 days.