British Royal Family Tree and Line of Succession

Royal Family Tree

Do you know Kate Middleton or Prince Harry? These are the prominent British Royalties in the news today. They are so well known because the media loves to talk so much about them. There are still others in their family tree, especially those in the line of succession. Let us talk about them today.

The current British Royal Family, the Windsors, was founded on July 17, 1917. Named after the Windsor Castle in England, they changed their name from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, a branch of house Wettin, due to the sheer anti-German sentiment World War I. After 103 years, the house still stands strong, with multiple members in the spotlight.

The British Royal Family operates on absolute primogeniture, where the inheritor is the eldest child of the titleholder. In case the eldest child is dead or otherwise indisposed, his/her children become the next inheritors. If the eldest child nor his descendants do not have any valid claimants, then the title holder’s second eldest child becomes the next inheritor, followed by his/her children, then the next eldest sibling, and so on.

British Royal Line of Succession

A close up of a lush green forest

Queen Elizabeth II

A house with trees in the background

The current reigning monarch is Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, who ascended to the throne in 1952 and still rules up to this day. She is the longest-reigning monarch in British history and the 4th-longest-reigning monarch in the entire recorded human history. She is the most important of the royal family tree since the claimants wouldn’t exist without her.

Prince Charles

The first in line to the throne is Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales. The eldest son of the Queen is the heir apparent, the longest-serving one in British history. He has been married twice, first to Lady Diana Spencer, with the marriage ending in divorce. He then later married Duchess Camilla Parker Bowles and is still married to her up to this day.

Prince William

The second in line to the throne is Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. The eldest child of Prince Charles and Lady Diana has worked as a pilot for the RAF Search-And-Rescue and the East Anglian Air Ambulance. He is currently married to Catherine Middleton. He is the grandson of Queen Elizabeth II and is an essential part of the royal family tree.

Prince George of Cambridge

The third in line to the throne is Prince George of Cambridge, the firstborn child of Prince William. He is named after Queen Elizabeth’s father. He is expected to claim the throne after his father.

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

The fourth in line to the throne is Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, the second-born child of Prince William. Her complete name is Charlotte Elizabeth Diana. She is addressed as “Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge.”

Prince Louis of Cambridge

The fifth in line to the throne is Prince Louis of Cambridge, the third born child of Prince William. Accordingly, he is the first-ever British prince to rank under an elder sister. They are commonly higher because of their gender, but it all changed after the Perth Agreement.

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